PAKISTAN, LAND AND PEOPLE
Pakistan, which means ‘land of the pure’, is the inheritor of a long and varied history, rich in cultural traditions. Its sands have been the playground and burial place for some of the greatest imperialists and adventurers. The land has attracted scholars and mystics, adventurers and missionaries.
It is not easy to categorize Pakistanis. They belong to different tribes and ethnic groups and speak different languages. It has been shaped and united by a common faith for centuries, through the message of love, peace, dignity and support for the poor preached by the Sufis who came to the region centuries ago.
Pakistan is an ancient land in world history.
Cultural landscape of Balochistan portrays various ethnic groups. Though people speaks different languages, there is a similarity in their literature, believes, moral order and customs. The cementing factor is religion which provides a base for unity and common social order.
Brahvi, Balochi and Pashtoon are the major tribes, constituting the people of Balochistan.
LANGUAGE & LITERATURE
The indigenous languages prevailing in Balochistan are Pashtu, Brahvi (most ancient language), Balochi, Hazargi, Jatki or Siraiki, Jadgali or Sindhi, Khetrani, and Lasi. The language spoken by people bears resemblance of Arabic and Persian languages. The language derived its alphabets from Persian, Arabic and Indo-Aryan languages.
Baloch have long lived in a semi-arid expanse of rugged mountains, parched river valleys and desert where rain is rare but can bring raging floods when it does.
The traditional embroidery in Balochistan is an example of the most attractive colour schemes and design. In Balochistan these designs differ from tribe to tribe, each one of them having a special character of its own.Famous Baloch rugs are made up from sheep’s wool and flat. Abstract-pattern rugs are woven for household use and to sell. Balochi rugs are famous all over the world for their high quality.
MUSIC & DANCE
The music of Balochistan is very rich and full of varieties. Baloch music is traditionally sung in both Balochi and Brahvi. It stems from Persian, but has strong influences within Pakistani culture. Music plays a role in all joyful ceremonies. A child’s birth or a wedding ceremony includes joyous music and singing.
The mode of dress among the Balochi, Pashtoon and Brahvi tribes is very similar having a few minor dissimilarities.
Meat is an important part of the Baloch diet. Sajji- barbecued leg of lamb and Landhi- whole lamb dried in shade and kept for winter is the specialty of Baloch cuisine. It is often served to honored guests. Similarly Mamto, Aash and Dampukht are also few delicacies from Baloch cuisine.
Milk is drunk and also made into fresh cheese, buttermilk, and butter. In summers, a sherbet (lassi) is made with milk, molasses, and sugar. Dates and wild fruits and vegetables also form an important part of the Balochi diet.
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
The Baloch tribes are differently organized based on blood ties defined by territory, with great authority being given to the hereditary tribal chiefs or Sardars and the subordinate leaders called Waderas.Land is owned by tribal groups rather than by individuals. Loyalty to the Sardars has been the main organising principle of Baloch society
ARTS AND CRAFTS
The traditional embroidery in Balochistan is an example of the most attractive colour schemes and design. In Balochistan these designs differ from tribe to tribe, each one of them having a special character of its own.Famous Baloch rugs are made up from sheep’s wool and flat. Balochi rugs are famous all over the world for their high quality.